The Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Bioethics, (CRIB) was established in 1987. Its task is to address the ethical issues arising from the development of Biomedical & Health sciences and technologies: medical ethics, history and philosophy of medicine, environmental ethics, ethics of biotechnologies, gen-ethics, applied ethics, neuroethics... Inter-disciplinary in the broadest sense of the word (Medicine, Biology, Philosophy, Law...), the CRIB supports a pluralistic and free-thinking approach. The CRIB is linked to a Master of Ethics Program. Since its foundation, it has worked closely with the Belgian Advisory Committee on Bioethics. The documentation center of the CRIB includes a library and a database that offers bioethical information.
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Burnout of general practitioners: which prevention, which solutions? Promotor : G. Lebeer
The aim of the project is to propose recommandations in ordre to prevent and tackle professionnal burnout of general practitioners in Belgium. It is made up of three studies : a systematic review of literature, a study of existing structures in other countries, a qualitative inquiry by interviews and by a Delphi method with concerned general practitioners.
On the mutilated body : political work and construction of the body experience in cancer support groups. (thesis director : Guy Lebeer). N. Hamarat
Literature about the profane experience of the body (Good, 1998 ; Klaver, 2009) and the role of patients' organizations in the generation of knowledge about illness (Rabeharisoa, Callon, 1998) are abundant. However there is very little connection made between the two themes, with the exception of certain pioneer anglo-saxon works (Klawiter, 2004, 2008). How are conceptions of the body/mutilation constructed in these groups, what is the nature of the collective identities generated around these constructions, and how are claims for recognition introduced into the medical culture - specifically when individual intimacy is affected ?In the first phase of my research, I will describe the 'political work' [travail politique] (Dodier, 2003) undertaken around the issue of mutilation in breast cancer support groups. I will examine the reconceptualization of dominant representations (seduction/sexuality, maternity, aesthetics, modesty, body exposure in public spaces, etc.) in the light of the local moral context. Discussion of this reinvented moral space is an opportunity on the one hand, to conceptualize a sociology of mutilation and, on the other hand, to analyze the 'familiar regime' [régimes du familier] (Thévenot, 2006), and specifically the work of rendering public the deepest intimacy. In a second stage of my research, after building a theoretical model that relates collective action and the body, I will broaden my observations to other support groups [three other types will be considered : support groups for testicle/prostate cancer patients (reconceptualization of masculinity), support groups for colostomy patients (bodily fluids stigma), and support groups for laryngectomy patients (alcoholic-smoker lifestyle stigma, expression deprivation)].
Flexibility, health of the workers and quality of the work in the cleaning sector.
The aim of the research was to analyze the impact on the health of workers of two specific issues. The first concerns the flexibility and speed of work indiuce by the competitive structure specific to the sector. The second concerns the difficulties of reconcily professional and private life resulting from working atypical hours.
How can the EU social partners for commerce contribute to improving Health and Safety at the workplace in their sectorthrough an efficient social dialogue ?
Normative frame and government of vulnerabilities :the case of mental health sector and youth social services. Promoter : G. Lebeer.
This doctoral research tries to enlighten some aspects of ''new'' social control : government by norms, individualization of public policies, subjectivation of disparities. Two fieldworks will be conducted : the mental health sector and the youth social services.
A Belgian specificity? Sexual revolution and (de) polarization 1960-2000: A Belgian specificity? Contribution to a history of gender and sexuality norms (2015-2020.
Pilarisation, which refers to the management of religious and philosophical diversity in highly divided societies, is one of the fundamental features of Belgian society. It led to the existence of separated worlds surrounding individuals from cradle to grave. Besides pastoral care, this system applied to institutions in fields such as education, youth protection, health, family or work. Through the study of issues such as the introduction of gender diversity in schools, contraception and abortion, HIV/AIDS and homosexuality, the study of gender norms and sexuality transformations since 1960 will shed new light on depilarisation. This project, which gathers an interdisciplinary team will highlight the often overlooked intersections between intimate changes and the contestation of traditional forms of social and political organisation in Belgium, which took place within the context of authority reshaping in Western Europe. Promotors : Cécile Vanderpelen-Diagre, Valérie Piette, Guy Lebeer, David Paternotte.