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Crowd dynamics monitoring on mass events with Wi-Fi-based passive radars

Units : Wireless communications group | ULB812

Description :

Crowd monitoring technologies are receiving increased attention as they may help mass event organisers preventing disasters in
real-time. They mainly aim at forecasting and physically limiting the crowd density at the critical points of the event. In this
context, sensors of the crowd density and fluxes on the event are key ingredients.

This project aims at conceiving a new passive
radar system operating by capturing and processing the signals transmitted by Wi-Fi base stations deployed on mass events to deliver
data to the attendees. Groups of attendees will be tracked with the radar and their main features will be estimated.

project will first address the conception of a passive radar based on emerging Wi-Fi communications signals. The radar accuracy gain
achieved with the increased signal bandwidth will be explored. Two challenges coming with the Wi-Fi evolution will afterwards be
thoroughly investigated: high order modulations that make the reference signal reconstruction more difficult, directive
communications that hide part of the radar scene.

The project will secondly target the conception of algorithms for identifying and tracking
groups of individuals on mass events based on the experimental exploration of their still unknown characteristics. The study will
focus on tracking the features that are essential for the crowd monitoring and disaster prevention.

In parallel, an
experimental setup based on up-to-date software radios will be constructed. The setup will support the design of the radar functionality all
along the project based on real-life data acquired on Brussels events.

List of persons in charge :

  • HORLIN François

List of lessors :

  • FRIA