The ATM department is active in the fields of aerodynamics, aeronautical engineering, aerospace engineering, thermodynamics, thermal engineering and applied mechanics. The ATM team has developed a broad know-how and undertakes research projects applying this know-how for theoretical matters, numerical simulations and also test benches and experimental investigations.
The aim of the project is to develop a small, flexible, 1MW biomass incinerator with clean combustion and heat recovery. Thanks to its efficient and modular, standardized and low-cost system, the BioClInc system will be able to use solid waste, gaseous waste in order to valorize them by producing heat that can be used by other processes. The combustion of waste makes it possible to produce high-temperature heat directly exploitable in other processes such as electricity production, steam production, drying, and. The product will be mainly aimed at SMEs, large industries with industrial gases or waste heat, and decentralized energy production for utilities. In their day-to-day activities, SMEs and public facilities produce a significant amount of resources such as wastes and waste gases that are wasted. The goal of BioClInc is to activate these resources and provide energy for local use on demand and thus enable value creation and increased respect for the environment.
The present project aims at developing predictive simulation tools for non-conventional combustion regimes including MILD combustion, based on new-generation models able to reduce the dependence on sub- models and increase the fidelity of numerical simulations. For this purpose, high fidelity experimental data will be collected under different operating conditions and with various fuel blends. An experimental apparatus will be designed and built to allow investigation of the global performances of the combustion system as well as the visualization of the main features of the combustion process. Such information will constitute the ideal basis for the development and validation of new-generation modelling approaches based on the concept of Empirical Manifolds.
The CLEAN-Gas Programme proposes an innovative approach to improve natural gas combustion in industrial processes, covering experiments and numerical simulations, including detailed chemistry and computational fluid dynamics applied to real complex geometries. This new way of addressing the European energy challenge by training candidates simultaneously in experimental and simulation techniques and in chemistry and turbulent combustion, all applied in industrial context, should add a clear value to the community.
The program is heavily supported by key-companies in the domain, such as Ansaldo Energia, the Italian leading producer of thermoelectric power plants, strictly connected with IT-POLIMI, Rolls Royce Deutschland, a world-leading provider of power systems, involved with DE-TUD and Numeca, a software developer and solution provider for computational fluid dynamics, including reacting flows and combustion.
Moreover, the development of new clean combustion processes is also strongly supported by local/national policy and initiatives in the context of greenhouse gas reduction and high efficiency energy conversion systems. In one hand, Companies are investing in research, such as the industrial partners of the present program. In another hand, national agency call-for-projects become numbers in the domain with active responses from partners, all encouraging the fundamental and applied research projects for a better efficiency of conventional energy, such as natural gas: FR-ECP with ANR in France; DE-TUD with DFG in Germany; BE-ULB with FNRS in Belgium (in particular WBGreen-call in fundamental research and WinGreen-call for industrial research).
This project aims to study the combustion of energy vectors issues biomass. The study covers the entire production chain of these fuels, from the preparation of the material to the use of the biomass energy of gaseous fuels in an industrial burner or micro-turbine for cogeneration. This project, in collaboration with UCL, UMONS, CRA-W and ULB, is part of the new energy efficiency center and will enable the acquisition of an industrial burner fitted with the latest high-speed laser diagnostics.
Several industrial partners are involved in the project: Coretec, AGC, Xylowatt, MITIS, GDTech ... Indeed, the purpose of ERDF funding is on the one hand develop expertise in the field of biomass in Walloon universities but also to provide support to companies to overcome the challenges associated with these new fuels in an industrial context.
This project focuses on the energy supply of a neighborhood and the local storage of energy in chemical form for its subsequent conversion into electricity and heat or for use as fuel. The ATM service is involved in the theoretical study of a humid micro-gas turbine cycle with recovery and storage of CO2. The recovered CO2 will be used to re-create methane allowing thus long-term storage of energy. The theoretical study, coupled with an experimental campaign on a Turbec T-100 to recalibrate the model, will make possible to determine the optimal parameters according to the prices of the energy, the load of the network, the use or not of the heat residual etc ...
Another part of the project will be carried out to study the MILD combustion in the burner of the ATM service. The experimental study will focus on the new energy vectors available in a context of energy storage via gaseous fuels.
In the world quest for new energy solutions, turning ‘end-of-life’ organic waste (plastics, rubber, foams, and so on) into manmade fuels is booming and demonstration industrial production units are being developed. However, the resulting fuel quality is not always good enough for applications other than adding the fuel in small amounts to the crude oil used in petrochemical refineries. Such dilution results in little added value. Leveraging on the results of the Phoenix project conducted under Wallonia’s Marshall Plan, a consortium composed of two companies, Comet Traitements SA and Coretec Engineering SA, Certech, and ULB submitted PHOEBUS to the MecaTech Competitiveness Cluster. The project proposes the use of these fuels in high-added-value applications, such as in CHP technologies based on IC engines.
ATM is involved in PHOEBUS with the objective of achieving efficient and clean combustion inside the CHP piston engine, using HCCI/RCCI modes.
To do so BURN's two main research engine benches will be used. The single cylinder Peter AV-1 research engine will be used to perform fundamental study about the fuel combustion in a Diesel engine. Then the new fully equipped 300 kW research bench will be used to develop a technology demonstrator and to carefully study the pollutants using a Horiba FT-one FTIR system, capable of dynamically measuring up to 29 components.
The project aims to lead the development of new combustion technologies, using experimental, theoretical and simulation approache. The project is focused on the MILD combustion, a highly fuel-efficient, highly fuel-efficient combustion method with almost zero emissions, whose mechanisms are not yet fully understood.
Indeed, a strong coupling between the chemical and turbulent effects exists in this combustion mode. This strong coupling requires the development of new approaches for numerical simulation. The project aims to address this through a coupling of high-fidelity optical measurements of experiments - using a high-frequency laser - and the development of new models based on principal component analysis, representing a hybrid approach. between the existing complex chemistry and flamelet models.