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Fighting for Humanity: The Globalization of Humanitarianism and Elite Strategies in the Global South (1960-Present)

Unité : Recherche et Études en Politique Internationale | ULB704

Description :

Founded in 1863 at an international conference held in Geneva, the International Movement of the Red Cross/Red Crescent
(hereafter, “the Movement”) has since become the world’s largest humanitarian network organization, with a total of 80 million staff
and volunteers supporting its cause around the world. The Movement’s mission is to alleviate the suffering, preserve the dignity,
save the lives, and ensure the health of populations in the event of natural and man-made disasters. The Movement is composed of
the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC), and 191 National Red
Cross/Red Crescent Societies. Despite being the “flesh and bone” of the Movement, National Societies are relatively
understudied, especially those situated in the Global South. In order to address this gap, the objective of this project is to situate the
globalization of the humanitarian movement, relief operations, and international humanitarian law in relation to this specific
category of actors. Firstly, it will provide an analysis of three “extra-European” National Societies: the Kenyan Red Cross, the
Haitian Red Cross, and the Indian Red Cross. Secondly, it will provide a sociological analysis of the institutional elites involved
in the governance of these three National Societies, from their creation to the present. Lastly, the project will attempt to
capture relations of competition and cooperation that exist within the Movement, between National Societies.

Liste des responsables :

  • BEERLI Monique

Liste des bailleurs :

  • Gouvernements étrangers