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The project focuses on the history of women in the southern part of Dendi (Niger Valley, Northern Benin). Absent traditional and official narratives, the place and the voice of women in the socio-economic upheavals in the region between the late 19th and 20th centuries (Islamization, colonization, independence, Marxist revolution) remain unknown. The project objective is to develop a method suitable for the reconstruction of the recent history of a group ''target'' marginalized. Based on the achievements of the cultural technology, my approach is to use the material culture and techniques as alternative historical sources in two observational contexts. The first deals with daily activities (domestic, commercial, agricultural), the second covers the ceremonial activities (initiation, marriage, possession). For each of these spheres, the constituent technical processes of the various activities will be identified: the actors and social relations, materials, tools and objects, gestures, and mobilized representations. Such analysis allows then multiscalar a comparative study. To enter the diachronic, this analytical and comparative perspective will be related with the life trajectory of informants. While helping to fill the gaps documentaries on history, still poorly understood, in this region of West Africa, the project involved the renewal of objects and methods of historical research on marginalized groups.
• F.R.S.-FNRS et Fonds associés (hors FRIA)